La edad adulta en los profesores de enseñanza superior: diferencia en la gestión de su equilibrio entre la vida laboral y personal y el compromiso organizativo

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Carla Carvalho
Ana Pinto
Paulo Santos Costa
Pedro Parreira

Resumen

El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar el grado en que una muestra de profesores portugueses de Instituciones de Enseñanza Superior, divididos en dos grupos (adultos jóvenes, de 20 a 39 años; y adultos avanzados, de 40 a 70 años), diferían en la gestión de su equilibrio entre vida laboral y familiar y compromiso organizativo. La recolección de datos serealizó mediante la Escala Trabajo-Familia, la Escala de Compromiso Organizacional y un cuestionario sociodemográfico. Entre 2012 y 2019, 652 participantes se inscribieron en el estudio. A través de un análisis multivariado de la varianza (MANOVA, procedimiento de Modelo Lineal General), los resultados sugieren que los profesores adultos jóvenes muestran mayores puntuaciones de facilitación de la familia al trabajo, mientras que los profesores adultos avanzados evidencian mayores puntuaciones de compromiso normativo. Dados los resultados encontrados, se esbozan recomendaciones para las Instituciones de Educación Superior. 

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